Gunnison sets Australian sale record

Not A Single Doubt 2YO Gunnison made history at the inaugural Inglis Chairman’s Sale on Thursday evening when he was knocked down to Chris McAnulty for $1.4 million.

That is the highest price paid for a gelding ever sold at auction in Australia and the top price paid for any progeny of Not A Single Doubt at auction. His outstanding daughter Villa Verde achieved his first seven-figure auction sale when purchased for $1.1 million by James Bester and the Deep Field Syndicate at the 2015 Magic Millions National Broodmare Sale.

Gunnison, bred by Lincoln Farm from the Group 2-winning mare Colorado Claire (by Hussonet), has a habit of making history. He’s also Not A Single Doubt’s top-priced yearling – so far – after being sold by Arrowfield at last year’s Inglis Easter Sale for $850,000 to James Harron Bloodstock.

He’s hardly missed a beat since then, winning on debut at Canberra in February, before defeating fellow Arrowfield graduate Invader in the ATC Todman S. G2 on 4 March. Gunnison now lines up in Saturday’s $1 million Inglis Sires’ G1 where his rivals include five Snitzel colts (Chauffeur, Menari, Trapeze Artist, Invader & Summer Passage) and the Not A Single Doubt colt Single Bullet.

Between them, Snitzel, Not A Single Doubt and their champion sire Redoute’s Choice are responsible for nine of the 14 Australian and New Zealand juvenile colts and geldings rated 110 or better by Timeform.

However, Chris McAnulty confirmed Gunnison’s future racing would be in Asia.

“We targeted this horse for a specific reason and that is that sprinting events in Hong Kong at the moment are very open with not huge fields, so we see this as a great opportunity to get a high-quality sprinter from Australia over there.

“Gunnison is a lovely gelding, he’s proved in his short career already that he is loaded with ability and we’re looking forward to getting our hands on him and seeing what he can do in Hong Kong.’’

Arrowfield will offer Gunnison’s three-quarter sister (by Snitzel) as Lot 84 at the Inglis Easter Sale which begins next Tuesday 4 April. Arrowfield’s 46-lot consignment also features Colorado Claire’s half-brother, Lot 215 by Dundeel from Lunaspur.

Thank you and Farewell, Singles Bar

One glance at the compact, chestnut mare with the blonde mane and tail and it was easy to see where Not A Single Doubt’s flashy speedsters Karuta Queen and Miracles Of Life came from.

Famous because of her brilliant sire son, 25-year-old Singles Bar died peacefully today at Arrowfield where she had enjoyed a happy retirement since the birth of her last foal, Apollo Hope in 2012.

Not A Single Doubt isn’t the only achievement on her resume. Singles Bar brought plenty of genetic firepower to her matings with the eight stallions – Japan’s supersire Sunday Silence among them – that fathered her six fillies and seven colts.

Bred in 1991 by the Segenhoe Breeding Venture, she was the result of a mating of the influential broodmare Easy Date with the 1985 Golden Slipper winner and great source of electric early speed, Rory’s Jester. Singles Bar inherited dad’s showy colour and some of his precocity, winning twice and earning stakes-placed status in four starts at two.  

But what made her most valuable as a breeding prospect was her older half-brother Snippets. He’s the horse that gave the Magic Millions concept a dream start when he won the inaugural 1987 2YO Classic and went on to become a triple Group 1 winner and Australasia’s Champion Sprinter. Even better, he was a wonderful sire of 57 stakeswinners and damsire of 84 stakeswinners, including another Arrowfield resident, Snitzel.

Snippets stood the last eight seasons of his stud career at Arrowfield, until his death in 2002, and he is buried in the Stud’s graveyard which will also be Singles Bar’s final resting-place.

Over the past decade or so, the Easy Date family has cemented its solid gold status in the ring and on the track producing Champion 2YO Filly Forensics, Group 1 winners Rewaaya & Ertijaal and Group winners Mushreq, Sharnee Rose and Sense Of Occasion.

Singles Bar’s contribution isn’t limited to Not A Single Doubt’s racing career (he was Redoute’s Choice’s first stakeswinner), or the 40 stakeswinners he’s so far sired.  She left seven other winners including Not A Single Doubt’s full brother Rogano, now making his own splash at stud in Western Australia, and stakes performers Natural Is My Name and Hanky Panky.

Singles Bar’s daughters are steadily building her own branch of the Easy Date dynasty, with black type winners Zizou, Come Hither, Fun In Flight, Lady Jivago and Cohesion already on the board. It helps that all her daughters are in good hands and receiving excellent opportunities.

Several younger relatives of Singles Bar carry her torch at Arrowfield, among them her last filly, Dream Date (by Starcraft); her grand-daughters Hokuspokus (by Red Ransom) & Hussterics (by Hussonet); great-grand-daughter Magic Touch (by Redoute’s Choice); and dual Group 3 winner Sharnee Rose (by Nadeem). With young progeny by Redoute’s Choice, Snitzel, Animal Kingdom & Dundeel, they have every chance of keeping Singles Bar’s name in stakes-winning pedigrees for years to come.

In the meantime, Not A Single Doubt, who posted Stakeswinner No. 40, Doubt I’m Dreaming at Moonee Valley last Friday, has two colts and a filly going through the Inglis Easter Sale-ring next week.

Champion Sprinter-Miler Mikki Isle to join Arrowfield's roster

Arrowfield has announced that Mikki Isle, Japan’s Champion Sprinter & Miler of 2016, will join the Stud’s stallion roster for the 2017 season.

The handsome son of Japanese supersire Deep Impact won eight races, including two 1600-metre Group 1 events, and more than $A6 million prizemoney.

Mikki Isle quickly fulfilled the promise of his two-win juvenile season, establishing himself as Japan’s top-rated 3YO miler with victory in the Tokyo NHK Mile Cup G1, achieved with his trademark front-running pace in a time of 1:33.2.

Mikki Isle’s subsequent performances confirmed the quality of his speed. He was placed in consecutive runnings of the Chukyo Takamatsunomiya Kinen G1, and was second in last year’s Nakayama Sprinters S. G1 – all at 1200 metres.

He then sealed his award claims with a defiant, all-the-way victory in last November’s Kyoto Mile Championship G1, rated among the world’s top 100 Group 1 races of 2016.

Mikki Isle was bred by Katsumi Yoshida’s Northern Farm from the Rock of Gibraltar mare Star Isle, a grand-daughter of three-time US Grade 1 juvenile winner Stella Madrid, who defeated champion filly Go For Wand in the Belmont Frizette S. G1.

Now serving his first book of mares at Shadai Stallion Station, Mikki Isle will join Real Impact, also a dual Group 1-winning son of Deep Impact, on this year’s shuttle run to Arrowfield, which has acquired an interest in both horses.

Arrowfield will announce its 2017 stallion service fees after the Inglis Easter Yearling Sale.


Senior Sales Position available

Arrowfield’s growth strategy offers an exciting opportunity to join our nominations and bloodstock team.

Applicants must have sales and bloodstock experience in the commercial thoroughbred marketplace and demonstrate an ability to work harmoniously in a small but dynamic team.

The successful applicant will be based at Arrowfield Stud’s Sydney Office and the position will involve travel within Australia and overseas.

The remuneration package is negotiable and will be based on experience.

Written applications by Thursday 27 April 2016 should be addressed to:

John Messara AM
Chairman, Arrowfield Group

All applications will be treated confidentially.

Second winner for Animal Kingdom

John O’Shea has consistently expressed his enthusiasm for Godolphin’s first group of Animal Kingdom juveniles and today he sent out the Dubai World Cup champion’s second winner.

Platinum scored a determined win at his third start over 1200 metres at Ballarat, after sitting four wide most of the way and then out-finishing the rapidly closing Give, with Super Snob almost 1.5 lengths back, third.

Watch Platinum win at Ballarat.

A homebred for Darley, Platinum is out of the city-winning mare Swishes, a half-sister to Group winner Le Zagaletta. Swishes is the dam of six winners from as many foals to race, including stakes-placed gelding Demonstrate.

Animal Kingdom has now compiled two smart winners, Platinum and TDN Rising Star Earth Angel (ex Miss Finland by Redoute’s Choice) on 8 March, and four placegetters (Momentum To Win, Animalia, Desert Flower & Seductive Miss) from eight runners. Earth Angel’s next assignment is likely to be in Melbourne stakes company next month.

Animal Kingdom has a quality consignment of 11 yearlings on offer at the 2017 Inglis Easter Sale: five colts and four fillies in Arrowfield’s draft, and a pair of fillies presented by Tartan Fields.

Snitzel completes Group 1 double & quinella

Two days after Summer Passage became Snitzel’s 7th Group 1 winner, stablemates Russian Revolution & Redzel gave him his first Group 1 quinella in the $700,000 ATC The Galaxy 1100m G1.

It was a tremendous performance by both horses and a notable achievement by their trainers Peter & Paul Snowden, especially as they presented 3YO colt Russian Revolution for the first time since his Spring campaign, which yielded two Group wins and a fourth in the Coolmore Stud S. G1.

Russian Revolution’s fresh state was evident as he went to the gates and he was re-shod there after casting a plate, but he quickly put that hiccup behind him. Jungle Edge took up the early running and Russian Revolution follow Redzel wide around the turn.

Redzel forged ahead and finally collared Jungle Edge at the 200-metre mark, but Russian Revolution simply wouldn’t give up and found enough under pressure to snatch a short neck victory, with Jungle Edge a brave third.

Watch Russian Revolution & Redzel quinella The Galaxy G1.

Peter Snowden said he was confident Russian Revolution’s allotted 51kg would be in the colt’s favour on a deteriorating track.

“We knew the weight was going to kick in at some stage and it was probably the difference over the last 100 metres. He’s been very full of himself in the last week or so….He’s been ready to go.”

Russian Revolution (ex Ballet d’Amour by Stravinsky) is Snitzel’s eighth Group 1 winner and second Galaxy winner after Sweet Idea in 2015. Like Redzel, he is among the 21 stakeswinners that are building a potentially record-setting season for the son of Redoute’s Choice. The Galaxy win also completed a Rosehill double for jockey Kerrin McEvoy, who rode Our Ivanhowe to success in the Ranvet S. G1 earlier in the day.

Russian Revolution’s five wins from his six starts have returned well over twice the $320,000 that Michael Wallace & China Horse Club paid for him at the 2015 Inglis Easter Sale where he was offered by Vinery Stud.  He is raced by China Horse Club and his breeder John Stuart Investments with Newgate Farm, Matthew Sandblom and Sir Owen Glenn.

Bred by Lee Fleming, Redzel was a $120,000 buy from Marquee Stud for Chris & Michael Ward’s Triple Crown Syndications at the 2014 Magic Millions Gold Coast Sale. Triple Crown owners have previously enjoyed success with Group 1 winner Hot Snitzel and Group 2 winner Flying Snitzel.

The $2.5 million weight-for-age T.J. Smith Stakes 1200m G1 back at Randwick on 1 April, Day 1 of The Championships, must now be on the horizon for both Russian Revolution and Redzel.

In the meantime, their quinella has pushed Snitzel through the $10 million mark in Australia for the first time, and he maintains his No. 1 position on the Australian General Sires’ list, more than $1 million ahead of Street Cry.

Redoute's Choice 3YOs aim at Classics

Redoute’s Choice 3YOs Hardham and Royal Star are in Classic contention after impressive weekend stakes victories in Melbourne and Perth.

First up, at Moonee Valley on Friday evening, the colt Hardham produced a polished performance to win the $200,000 MVRC Alister Clark S. 2040m G2.

Last start Group 2 winner and favourite Farson (by Snitzel) set a solid pace in front and was pressed first by Ruthven round the turn, but it was Hardham & Luke Nolen that finished best, peeling out at the 600-metre to launch a run that proved decisive. He defeated Ruthven by three-quarters of a length, with Farson a neck away third.

Watch Hardham win the MVRC Alister Clark S. G2.

Trainer David Brideoake said he will discuss heading back to Sydney for a tilt at the $2 million Australian Derby G1 on 1 April with the full brother of NZ 1000 Guineas G1 winner King’s Rose, now owned by Northern Farm in Japan.

“He’s a quality colt. That was a good performance and he’ll only get better. He ran well first-up and then ran well again last start in the Randwick Guineas but he just couldn’t let down in the heavy ground.”

“We’ll discuss it with the owners but I’d think he’ll head back to Sydney for the Derby. I think he’s earned his place.”

A $300,000 purchase by Peter Moody from the 2015 Inglis Easter Sale, Hardham is raced by a large group of owners including Sarah Moody, Sir Patrick Hogan, Mike & Kate Fleming and the colt’s breeder Dr Gene Tsoi. His dam Nureyev’s Girl (by Nureyev) has an Exceed and Excel filly in the Bhima Stud draft for this year’s Easter Sale and a weanling filly by Snitzel. Sadly, the mare died after foaling last Spring.

The WA Oaks G3 will also be held on 1 April and has a new favourite after Saturday’s $100,000 WATC Natasha S. 2200m LR, won in sparkling style by Bob & Sandra Peters’ home-bred filly Royal Star.

The daughter of 2300-metre stakeswinner Star Encounter (by Jeune) is a half-sister to Perth Cup winner Star Exhibit and showed plenty of her family’s stamina when William Pike unexpectedly sent her forward early in the race. It turned out to be a winning move, as Royal Star kept up a strong gallop throughout and shot clear in the straight to win by two lengths from Vain Stryker and her stablemate Very Tempting (also by Redoute’s Choice).

Watch Royal Star win the WATC Natasha S. LR.

Royal Star is the third stakes-winning daughter of Redoute’s Choice bred and raced by Peters Investments, after the sisters Broadway Belle & Antique Rose.

The combination of Peters, Pike, Redoute’s Choice & trainers Grant & Alana Williams struck again in the very next race, when 4YO mare Galaxy Star (out of Star Encounter’s full sister Galaxy Queen) recorded her third win from four starts.

Redoute’s Choice already has seven Oaks wins and five Derby victories on his progeny record, but not the WA Oaks or Australian Derby.

Hardham & Royal Star take Redoute’s Choice’s imposing list of stakeswinners to 142, eleven of them successful this season. The three-time champion sire has 34 yearlings on offer at the 2017 Inglis Easter Sale, 11 of them in Arrowfield’s consignment.

Summer Passage wins Group 1 Sires' Produce

Snitzel’s headline-making season continued on Thursday when his 2YO son Summer Passage stepped up from Listed success at Matamata last month to take out the $200,000 ARC Ellerslie Sires’ Produce S. 1200m G1.

The race, sponsored by Brendan & Jo Lindsay’s recently sold company Sistema Plastics, began with a three-horse battle for the lead as Summer Passage sped forward from the outside gate to join Ujjayyi and Felton Road. The trio settled in front and jockey Blake Shinn let Summer Passage get round the home turn before applying pressure which dropped off his co-leaders as Star Treasure and Gold Fever emerged from the pack.

However, placings were their lot as the Snitzel colt’s class shone in the final stages and he pulled away for a convincing three-quarter length win, his second from three starts since his late January debut for owner Hermitage Thoroughbreds and trainers Lance O’Sullivan & Andrew Scott. 

Watch Summer Passage win the ARC Ellerslie Sires’ Produce S. G1.

The result was also a triumph for Ron & Deb Gilbert’s Highgrove Stud, based in the famous Darling Downs region of Queensland. Summer Passage was knocked down to Wexford Stables for $800,000 at the 2016 Inglis Easter Sale and joins Group 1 winners Porto Roca & Wanted, Group 2 winner Shrapnel (by Charge Forward) and Listed winner Thronum (also by Snitzel) on the boutique farm’s graduate list.

Summer Passage is the second foal of Subsequent, a winning daughter of Encosta De Lago and he was as much a star of Highgrove’s draft as he was at Ellerslie.

Ron Gilbert recalls, “He was a very good sort. The good yearlings tend to pick themselves and this bloke certainly did that.
“They’re standouts from day one, there’s never an issue with them, they’ve very popular with potential buyers and they never turn a hair.”

Subsequent, from the family of Group 2 winner Shania Dane and Group winners Order Of The Sun (in Singapore) and Scintillation (in Hong Kong) has a yearling colt by Sebring, a weanling filly by Snitzel and is again in foal to the superstar son of Redoute’s Choice.

Summer Passage, previously nominated for the Golden Slipper, is now likely to make the trip across the Tasman for the $1 million Inglis Sires’ 1400m G1 on 1 April, the first day of The Championships at Randwick.

Snizel shows no sign of breaking his record-setting habit, with 21 stakeswinners for the season to date, and 24 individual 2YO winners, six of them stakeswinners: Summer Passage, Azazel, Ducimus, Jukebox and two of his four Golden Slipper G1 runners on Saturday, Teaspoon & Trapeze Artist.

Snitzel has 42 yearlings on offer at the 2017 Inglis Easter Sale which begins on 4 April, among them Highgrove’s colt out of Simply Spiteful (by Speightstown), and six colts & 8 fillies in Arrowfield’s consignment.

Venerable matron celebrates a Slipper runner

Arrowfield’s home-bred filly Teaspoon is a 40/1 chance in Saturday’s $3.5 million Longines Golden Slipper G1, but she knocks it out of the park with the oldest dam of the 19 runners in the field.

The average age of those 19 mares at the birth of their Golden Slipper runners was 9.5, with eleven of them nine or younger and seven aged ten to 15.

Teaspoon, though, is the 16th and last foal of the unraced Patronella  (Mister C-All Sterling by One Pound Sterling) who was 23-years-old when she delivered the bay filly by Snitzel on 4 September 2014. The Arrowfield foaling team recorded a “normal foaling, foal of normal size with good body and bone” and similar observations were made of Patronella’s six previous deliveries at the Stud.

Assistant Operations Manager Kerry Stephens says, “We can’t recall any foaling issues with Patronella, and reproductively she’s been straightforward.”  Ditto her character too, although she’s no pushover, as Kerry points out.

“She’s an average sized mare, with an attractive head, plenty of bone and substance. She’s straightforward to handle, with no odd habits or quirks, but she has spirit –  if she doesn’t like something she’s quick to let you know. All the good ones have spirit!”

Unlike some mares, the now 25 year-old Patronella, pictured right at Arrowfield this week (PHOTO: Bronwen Healy) hasn’t had a special paddock mate and gets on well with most other horses. That’s made for an easy transition to her new life in retirement as a nanny mare.

Kerry explains, “Her latest assignment was baby-sitting the Easter Sale yearling fillies before they began their sale preparation. It’s very useful having an experienced older mare keeping an eye on the young ones, it helps to keep them settled in the paddock and reduces the chance of injury.”

Patronella has visited Starcraft, Charge Forward, Hussonet, All American, Beneteau and Snitzel (twice) during her eight-year breeding career at Arrowfield, failing to conceive only in 2011. Five of the resulting seven foals were sold as weanlings or yearlings for relatively modest prices, and three of those have won races. The best of them was Teaspoon’s full sister Aliyana Tilde, born in 2008 and bought for $50,000 by trainer Kerry Parker at the 2010 Inglis Melbourne Premier Sale.

Aliyana Tilde turned out to be very good indeed, even better than Patronella’s first two foals, two-time Listed winner Stella Artois and Group 3 winner Smytzer’s Trish, born back in the mid-nineties, when their mother was five and six.

Unlike Teaspoon though, Aliyana Tilde’s forte was classic stamina, evident in her ATC Epona S. G3 victory and three Group 1 placings in the Australian Oaks, Sydney Cup and Storm Queen Stakes. That record made her an appealing proposition when she retired in 2013 and so it was that she returned to the ownership of Arrowfield where she’s had two colts by Animal Kingdom and a Dundeel filly.

Research conducted by Arrowfield alumnus Byron Rogers of Performance Genetics confirms both the rarity of mares that produce one Group winner during their careers, and that around one in five of those select mares will go on to leave subsequent Group winners. Three Group winners put Patronella in elite company, though not in the league of the extraordinary Juddmonte mare Hasili, dam of seven Group winners, five of them successful at Group 1 level.  

Kerry notes that all of Patronella’s Arrowfield foals have resembled her, and the one most like her is the filly Bacarella (by Beneteau), a year older than Teaspoon and talented enough to win at two and place twice in Sydney Group 2 company last Spring.

However, Kerry adds, “Teaspoon was always a staff favourite as a foal, because she was a particularly attractive filly and a strong individual.”

Like Bacarella, Teaspoon was retained by Arrowfield because she’s a late filly from a wonderful broodmare so, while her fellow yearlings were being prepared for sale, she was being educated at Rick Worthington’s Danric Lodge before joining Michael Freedman’s stable last September.

Teaspoon opened her account with a debut win at Canterbury in November, spelled, then returned to win the ATC Widden S. G3 with a quality performance under pressure, and become Snitzel’s 48th stakeswinner at Rosehill on 28 January. She also completed an Arrowfield graduate Group double with her Golden Slipper rival Pariah (by Redoute’s Choice), successful on the same card in the ATC Canonbury S. G3.

Teaspoon, quirkily named by Arrowfield’s Sydney Office Manager Sophie Swain for Bloodstock Manager Jon Freyer’s habit of leaving teaspoons around the office, goes into the Slipper off a game third in the ATC Sweet Embrace S. G2 and will be ridden by Zac Purton. 

Meanwhile, Patronella grazes peacefully in the Hill 5 paddock at Arrowfield, perhaps thinking occasionally of those 16 foals, among them thirteen winners of 43 races, and that final, vibrant daughter out to make her mark on Slipper history at 4.10 pm on Saturday.

Redoute's Choice dominates Golden Slipper pedigrees

Redoute’s Choice, already the sire of two Golden Slipper winners, appears in the immediate pedigrees of no fewer than 11 of the 19 juveniles in the field for this year’s $3.5 million event, sponsored for the second time by Longines.

Pariah is his 17th Slipper runner, bidding to join the 2006 winner Miss Finland, and Stratum, who defeated Fashions Afield in 2005 to give their champion sire a memorable quinella. 

This year Redoute’s Choice also appears as the damsire of Trekking, Frolic and 3rd emergency The Mission, and as the paternal grandsire of Single Bullet (by Not A Single Doubt), and Trapeze Artist, Invader, Menari, Teaspoon and emergency runners Chauffeur & Showtime (all by Snitzel).

Given that Snitzel heads the 2YO Sires’ premiership by earnings, winners and stakeswinners, it’s not surprising this is his best-ever contingent in the Slipper. He’s already the damsire of a Slipper winner (Mossfun in 2014) and two placegetters, Snitzerland, the gallant runner-up to Pierro in 2012, and Showtime’s sister Sweet Idea, third to Overreach in 2013. 

A fourth Arrowfield stallion, Charge Forward, figures as the damsire of Single Bullet’s stablemate She Will Reign, a daughter of former Arrowfield resident (and half-brother of Redoute’s Choice) Manhattan Rain. Charge Forward, himself a close second to Dance Hero in the record-breaking 2004 Slipper, is also the sire of 2009 runner-up Headway.

Arrowfield is attempting to add a third Golden Slipper to the trophies won by Miss Finland and Flying Spur (in 1995) as the owner-breeder of Teaspoon, the last foal of venerable matron Patronella, now in happy retirement as a nanny mare at the Stud. Trained by Michael Freedman, Teaspoon has won two of her three starts including the ATC Widden S. G3 (pictured, right; PHOTO: Sportpix) and will be ridden by Zac Purton.

Arrowfield bred and sold Inglis Easter graduate Pariah (in partnership with John Leaver, David Paradice & Paul Favretto), and Magic Millions colt Showtime (in partnership with Katsumi Yoshida), and sold Invader on behalf of his breeeder Michael Pitt. Two other breeders have multiple runners: Darley (Veranillo & Trekking) and Corumbene Stud (Single Bullet & Menari).

An interesting aspect of the 16-strong 2017 Golden Slipper field is its exactly even distribution between the sexes, eight colts and eight fillies, though the three emergencies are all colts. History favours colts and geldings with 35 wins, compared with 25 by fillies, but the split by runners (165 male, 146 female), top five finishes (51 male, 49 female) and winners (11 male, 9 female) is a little more evenly balanced over the past two decades, 1997-2016.

Apart from being a thrilling contest that can determine both the season’s best 2YO and the champion sire of juveniles, the Golden Slipper frequently previews other top performers. Subsequent Group 1 winners that ran in, but didn’t win the race include: English, Single Gaze & Speak Fondly (2015), Sweet Idea, Guelph & Criterion (2013), Snitzerland & Epaulette (2012), Mosheen, Foxwedge & Hot Snitzel (2011), Melito, Wanted & More Joyous (2009), Empires Choice, Gold Edition & Casino Prince (2006),  Snitzel (2005), Charge Forward, Alinghi & Fastnet Rock (2004), Shamekha & Exceed and Excel (2003) and Choisir & Yell (2002). 

The Longines Golden Slipper S. 1200m G1, offering winner’s prizemoney of $2 million, will be held for the 61st time at Rosehill this Saturday 18 March at 4.10 pm AEDT.